King Horatio captured 100 prisoners from the island Martinique. Intrigued by mind games, Horatio gave the prisoners a chance to live but only if they successfully completed the task below. The King announced the following: Tomorrow, at the cackle of the rooster and the gray of dawn, I will line up all 100 prisoners front to back. You will be able to see only those people lined up in front of you. Atop each of your heads I will place a hat. The hat will be BLACK or WHITE and will be placed on your head in completely random order. After I have placed the hats I will start with the last person in line. To each I will ask a simple question........... Black or White? - Each prisoner will only be able to say a ONE WORD answer. Any other words, signals, movements, or gestures that might help the others will result in the prisoners being ALL executed. The prisoners plotted diligently through the night. Six minutees before dusk, they had conceived a plan that would result in the following... 1. 99 of the 100 prisoners would have a 100% chance of survival. 2. 1 of the prisoners would have a 50% chance of survival.